Main contractor of the project


The P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Science is taking one of the leading positions in the field of optical frequency standards in Russia. The Institute develops optical frequency standards based on thulium atoms, aluminium and magnesium ions, and also highly stable cryogenic silicon resonators. Employees at the institute have a vast experience in precision spectroscopy and are proficient at working with key elements of optical frequency standards, such as traps for neutral atoms and ions, laser cooling systems, and highly stable laser systems. They have also made a number of highly stable laser systems stabilized by external high-quality vibration-compensated resonators.

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