Avesta LTD develops and manufactures femtosecond laser oscillators and amplifiers (both solid-state and fibre-based) as well as ultrafast diagnostic tools and various laser components.

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Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech) is involved in many collaborations with leading research centres in the field of optical frequency standards, including Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Braunschweig, Germany. An original concept of optical frequency standard based on single ytterbium ions was developed in the laboratory of time and frequency measuring problems.

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Institute of Laser Physics

Institute of Laser Physics of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences is one of the leading research centres in the field of optical frequency standards. There are several projects for creating optical frequency standards currently under way (based on neutral magnesium and ytterbium ion, relative instability is expected to be around 10-17 — 10-18).

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Industrial partner

JSC "Russian Space Systems"

The Russian Corporation for Rocket and Science Instrument Engineering and Information Systems (JSC "Russian Space Systems") is an expert in development, manufacture and operation of space information systems, including the development and targeted use of the GLONASS global navigation satellite system, space search and rescue systems, hydrometeorological support, radio engineering for space research, ground stations for receiving and processing Earth remote sensing information.

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Metrological support


The Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Russian metrological institute of technical physics and radio engineering» (FSUE «VNIIFTRI») is one of the largest national metrology institutes, which carries out activities for reproducing the national time scale and reference frequencies, determine the parameters of the Earth’s rotation, and developing, improving, maintaining, comparing and applying the state primary standards of units of quantities, conducts fundamental and applied research, experimental developments.